Adverbial Phrase Of Reason

1, 2015 71 think that the subordinate clause functions as an adverbial clause of time for example: When he will come doesn‘t depend on us. what is different between because end since? and what is different between so that/ to. Coordinating conjunctions usually form looser connections than other conjunctions do. Our time passed much too quickly. Adverbs of Reason are also sometimes referred to as Adverbs of Purpose. Adverbial clauses of reason: because, as, since. Adverb Clause of Cause and Reason Exercises Exrcise 1: Directions: Using the given information, make sentences using now that. Time clauses, conditional clauses, purpose clauses, reason clauses, result clauses, concessive clauses, place clauses, clauses of manner and clauses of exclamations. Adverbial Phrases: Adverbials is a word or phrase that has been used like an adverb to add detail or further information to a verb. The flooding was attributed to the heavy rain. Twitter keeps me abreast of the current news. : Before you leave, please turn off the lights. Adverb Clauses in English August 26, 2019 grammarhere 0 Comments adverb clauses , adverbial clauses , adverbial clauses vocabulary , adverbial clauses words , adverbs , advers clauses of comparison , advers clauses of condition , advers clauses of contrast , advers clauses of place , advers clauses of reason , advers clauses of time. Because we can reduce 3 things in English, some textbooks will call all types of reduction participle phrases or participial phrases. Nouns are an integral part of speech in English grammar. Remember, our definition of ‘what is a adverb’ was to identify the head word. We should go as soon as you are ready. I sing because I like singing. Later, they went home. It is a word that describes how, where or when an action verb takes place. Thea's boss was irritated _____ she got to work 5 minutes late. Adverbial phrases and clauses (shaded below) can usually be categorised as one of the following: Adverbs of Time. In fact, sometimes the grammar necessitates this. Infinitive Phrase as an Adverb. Examples of Adverbial Clauses. In this lesson, you will learn these position of adverbs in a sentence, also called adverb placement with example sentences. Secara umum rumus complex sentence dan adverbial clause. 9 Topics Adverbial Clauses of Cause/Reason. The gun went off with a loud noise. I am more likely to get a story out through a tweet than through a traditional media release. Adverbial Phrases Key Underline the adverbial phrase. Thus, no matter how short or long the group of words may be, it remains phrase so long as there is no verb in it. It takes place every day. All the three variants are correct. Later, I called my mother. Re: Distinction between adjectival phrase and adverbial phrases Originally Posted by Raymott But if someone wants to know if a phrase is adverbial or adjectival, and I'm feeling bored enough, I don't see the harm in giving a (not necessarily the ) solution to the puzzle. in Modifying Adverbial Phrases. Time: 10–15 minutes The important point for learners to understand is that the grammatical structure itself (without function words) often expresses a cause-and-effect construct. In the example sentence, the adverb phrase is " on the numerous antique cars ," modifying the verb "voted. Quiz: Adverb Clause vs Adverb Phrase. CLAUSES AND PHRASES OF REASON When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a clause of reason introduced by a conjunction (because, as and since) or a phrase introduced by because of. An adverb clause of reason usually begins with subordinating conjunctions like because, as, since, and that. Even the title of this post looks scary to most people. : Before you leave, please turn off the lights. txt) or view presentation slides online. Adverb or adverb is a word that gives an explanation of where, when and how an activity or event occurred. en (40) During the subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament agreed to retain the definition of consumer, removing the adverb primarily, on condition that in the recital clarifying the definition of consumer, which was originally based on the Gruber judgment, (41) the word ‘limited’ was replaced by the word ‘predominant’. However means nevertheless or yet. Finally, a word of warning regarding the term adverbial phrase. Part 4 - Two review exercises. We were in. Definition: An adverb that indicates the relationship in meaning between two independent clauses. An adverb is a word which modifies or qualifies the meaning of a verb, adjective, other adverb or any other words or phrases in the sentence such as quickly, firmly, lightly, carefully, extremely etc. ) Infinitive Phrase. If you aren’t satisfied with our services for some reason, you’ll always get your money back. However, “adverbials of reason” is in practice more inclusive than “adverbial clauses of purpose” because it can also cover adverbial phrases and just any group of words that work as an adverb in the sentence. While Sarah was studying, she fell asleep. Without the adverbial phrase, we would not know the reason for not doing the bungee jump. Search adverb of reason and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Until it stops raining, we will stay inside. The heavy rain was the reason for the flooding. Very often they connect two clauses together to convey a deeper or broader meaning. [Grammar] difference between adverbial clause of reason and adverbial clause of purpose If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Unlike the adverb clause, an adverb phrase does not need a subject and predicate. Compare the following: Used sparingly, this face. Look up words and phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual dictionaries and search through billions of online translations. One minimal unit of meaning is “patient”, another minimal unit of grammatical function is “ly” (adverb of manner). An adverb is a word that modifies (make partial change to) other Parts of Speech or words to which they apply in a sentence, especially a verb since they limit the words in some ways and make them more specific. Adverb of manner – End position, preceding other adverbs. Reduced Adverb Clauses - Active and Passive Meanings - Quiz 1 Click the answer button to see the correct answer. Simply put, the phrase “criteria of canonicity” over-inflates the role of the church. 1, 2015 71 think that the subordinate clause functions as an adverbial clause of time for example: When he will come doesn‘t depend on us. Adverb is word category (part of speech), like noun, verb, etc. Adverbs of Reason/Purpose, Adverbs of Quantity, Adverbs of Affirmation and Negation. They tell why, when, where, how much, and how often an action. The end position: at the end of the sentence. 94 Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause MATTHEW S. A dependent clause cannot stand on its own. Adverbs Mix. Visit the post for more. en 21 However, the adverb or adverbial phrase meaning 'in particular', used in the Spanish, German, English and French versions of the second sentence of Article 1(d) of Directive 89/552, does not appear in the Greek version of that provision. Pronoun Adverbs. But they can also be used in place [anstelle von] of other sub-clauses [Nebensätze], for example instead of adverbial clauses of reason [Grund] or of time. Douglas, The Grammar Bible. Let’s begin: A clause is a group of words that have a subject and a verb. Rewrite the sentences and put the adverbs in correctly. As he was in a bad mood, I decided not to disturb him. In fact, we adverbial phrases homework ks2 even offer you a money back guarantee. Coordinating conjunctions usually form looser connections than other conjunctions do. They modify whole clauses. Underline the adverb phrases in the following sentences. A clause in a sentence contains a noun and a verb but it may or may not be able to stand alone. ; You will also find a subordinate conjunction that keeps the clause from expressing a complete thought. Sentence diagramming can teach you what an adverb does. Since all phrases require two or more words, a participle phrase will often include objects and/or modifiers that complete the thought. Adverb clauses of condition are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions if, whether, provided that, so long as and unless. Worksheets are Adverbial phrases work, Building sentences with adverbial clauses, Phrases and clauses, Name date 2 adjective and adverb clauses, Reduction of adverbs clauses of reason and contrast, Types of clauses, Adverb or adverbial phrases structure meaning function, Chapter 12 adverb. Time: 10-15 minutes The important point for learners to understand is that the grammatical structure itself (without function words) often expresses a cause-and-effect construct. Adverb clauses, like all clauses, must contain a subject and a verb. because late 14c. Provided free online tips to use Adverbs of Purpose or Reason in English Grammar. They usually modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Remember, our definition of ‘what is a adverb’ was to identify the head word. Coordinating conjunctions go in between items joined, not at the beginning or end. She ran into her room. And while adjectives are usually close to the words they describe, adverbs can move around more freely in a sentence. Play this game to review Grammar. Until she noticed the handprints, the preschool teacher thought finger paints were a great idea. No room remained at the. I often visit the restaurant where we went to date for the first time. Adverbial clauses are known from traditional grammar as one of three major classes of subordinate clauses. The word Liberty is a motto which is the portion of the inscription that has special meaning to the people the coin was made for. There are several types of dependent clauses, also known as subordinate clauses. Also includes fronted adverbials. Adverbs of place are usually placed after the main verb or after the clause that they modify. If you heat ice , it melts. ” Therefore, I love it. Adverb of time – End position, following adverbs of manner and location. Definition of as written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. Clearly this is something that would not be allowed by the X-bar rules in (1). An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Diagramming will show this to you. adverbial clause of cause/reason/result (sebab/alasan/akibat) adverbial clause purpose (tujuan) adverbial clause of condition (pengandaian) adverbial clause of contrast/consession (pertentangan) adverbial clause of manner (cara) contoh kalimat adverbial clause Rumus Adverbial Clause. Phrase has been defined as group of words having to verb. Example: He ran toward the bus until he was tired. Adverbial phrases can be divided into two types: complement adverbs and modifier adverbs. = [Samantha studies many hours each day. Word groups, which are also considered to be adverbials, can also modify verbs: for example, a prepositional phrase, a noun phrase, a finite clause or a non-finite clause. Adverb clauses of concession are introduced by subordinating conjunctions although, though, even though, even if, while and whereas. Adverbial Clauses of time: when, whenever, while, as, as soon as , as long as, till, until, since, after, before, hardly…. en 21 However, the adverb or adverbial phrase meaning 'in particular', used in the Spanish, German, English and French versions of the second sentence of Article 1(d) of Directive 89/552, does not appear in the Greek version of that provision. You need to distinguish form and function. An adverb phrase includes an adverb (the "head" of the phrase) and a word or words that modify the adverb (one or more "dependents"). Adverbial clauses generally follow the main clause unless otherwise stated. It’s newsworthy. All the three variants are correct. It should be noted that clauses of reason, which begin with the words because, since, and as omit such words in the adverb phrase. Noun phrases are less common, but are quite often used to express time (e. Adverbs of Place List. You already know that adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. What kind of adverb? The cost for fixing our car was extremely high. Like a single-word adverb, an adverbial clause describes a verb (in the sentence's main clause) and answers one of these questions where? why? how. She ran into her room. It must be part of a sentence. Pronoun Adverbs. despite his intelligent 22. Adverb phrases - gramática inglés y uso de palabras en "English Grammar Today" - Cambridge University Press Half Holiday and holidays Mind as a noun Opinion. There are different kinds of adverb clauses in English; in addition, the subordinators can distinguish the different types of adverb clauses. Time clauses, conditional clauses, purpose clauses, reason clauses, result clauses, concessive clauses, place clauses, clauses of manner and clauses of exclamations. The noun 'why' is a word for a reason or explanation. The sheet contains a reminder about adverbial phrases, followed by simple sentences for the children to improve for each type of adverbial phrase (when, where, why and how). Displaying all worksheets related to - Adverb Clauses. It must be part of a sentence. Adverbial subordinators which are separate words are referred to as subordinating conjunctions by traditional grammar. despite his intelligent 22. " *Note: Afterwards can also be spelled with "s": afterward. Nouns are an integral part of speech in English grammar. Complete each adverb clause below with the correct word(s): 1. That is, it modifies a verb, adjective, adverb, clause, or the sentence as a whole. Other English exercises on the same topic : Linking words | All our lessons and exercises. They modify whole clauses. Playing football is dangerous if you don't have the right equipment. An adverbial clause usually starts with a subordinating conjunction (e. However, “adverbials of reason” is in practice more inclusive than “adverbial clauses of purpose” because it can also cover adverbial phrases and just any group of words that work as an adverb in the sentence. Adverb Clauses. Adverb Clauses in English August 26, 2019 grammarhere 0 Comments adverb clauses , adverbial clauses , adverbial clauses vocabulary , adverbial clauses words , adverbs , advers clauses of comparison , advers clauses of condition , advers clauses of contrast , advers clauses of place , advers clauses of reason , advers clauses of time. Which of these words in the following sentence is an adverb? Kylie looked longingly into Jason's lovely blue eyes. Why do students study? to gain knowledge; To gain knowledge is an adverb. Adverbs can modify adjectives. Part 3 - Learn how to reduce adverb clauses of reason, how to make the phrases negative, and how to work with perfect and passive verbs. Adverb is word category (part of speech), like noun, verb, etc. An adverb of place tells us where something is done or happens. They are composed of a group of two or more words modifying a verb. Grammar Index : 2 Adverbs of Reasons = Adverbs of Purpose : These adverbs express the reason for or a purpose of an action. These clauses begin with words like "because" or "since" and express the cause or reason for something; the main clause gives the result. Adverbs are one of the eight parts of speech in English. Furthermore, it appears that placing an adverb at the end of a sentence is rare. Adverbial phrase need to know English grammar basic and advance. adverb clause is a group of words that function as an adverb in a sentence. Since she went away, I haven’t been able to sleep. There is one type of anaphor that you’ve probably heard of: pronoun. For the same reason the Chinese dictionary contains traditional and simplified Chinese terms on one side and Pinyin and English terms on the other. Adverb Clauses of Comparison of Degree are introduced by the Subordinating. Another clue is that you switch "up" to the end of the sentence and it still makes sense: "He held his hand up. As Adverbial Clauses An adverbial clause is a dependent sentence which has a function of an adverb. AN ANALYSIS OF VERBS AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES: USES AND PROBLEMS IN CONTEXUAL GRAMMAR ABSTRACT This research is focused on verb and adverbial phrases, their uses and problems in contextual grammar. Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung für: adverb of reason adverb of place • adverb of reason adverb of time adverb phrase adverb prefix adverbial adverbial clause. In the first example, the adverb phrase of purpose to buy a coat occupies the end position of a clause, following the adverb of time yesterday. Visit the post for more. ” Here are some sentences in which “as a result” is used in this way. gov! MODAL!VERBS!&!ADVERB!CLAUSES!OF!REASON:! STRANDED!ON!THEMOON!! IntypicalEnglishsentences,wemayuseseveralgrammarstructuresatthesametime. Though is more common. When an adverbial modifies a verb, it changes the meaning of that verb. adverb of reason adverb of time adverb phrase adverb prefix adverbial adverbial clause adverbial participle • adverbial phrase adverbial phrases of time adverbially adverbs adversarial adversarial proceedings adversaries adversary adversary of real quality adversary proceedings adversary system. No other word class attracts such contempt. ) He left her desk for lunch. They add more details, like time, location, reason, condition, degree, concession, and manner. This is a good reason to learn how to reduce an adverb clause to a phrase. Why did you go home?. Dependent clauses may work like adverbs, adjectives, or nouns in complex sentences. Adverb clauses of cause or reason are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions because, as, since and that. consequently definition: The definition of consequently is therefore or as a result. Section 3 will cover the second property of BNPA nouns, their ability to head non- wh adverbial relative clauses without preposition stranding. • Determine the structure/pattern of an adverbial phrase. Read the sentence for our convenience as 'she feels that she is very unwell. An adverb phrase is a group of words that function as an adverb. (kita menghadiri seminar untuk suatu alasan baik. 👉 Adverb Phrase. Very often they connect two clauses together to convey a deeper or broader meaning. FREE Adverb Clauses Worksheets Welcome to the adverb clauses page of Busy Teacher where there are currently just 12 free worksheets posted. (i) Adverb Clauses of Comparison of Degree. It is the epitome of the worst problem in the field of language study - a problem which should by now be regarded as a schoolkid problem - the problem of not understanding the difference between syntactic functions (or grammatical relations) and parts of speech or types of phrase. End of the free exercise to learn English: Adverbial Clauses of purpose A free English exercise to learn English. DO - Use a comma after an introductory word or word group. Most people in Japan follow the traditional customs of their country. It's an infinitive phrase functioning as an adverb, and it's modifying the verb study. (Adverb Phrase) Types of Adverbs: Conjunctive Adverbs. Just like adverbs, they answer the questions “when?”, “where?”, “how?”, “why?” to describe time, place, manner, purpose etc. A modifying adverbial phrase describes the subject of the main clause. The five grammatical forms that can function as the adjunct adverbial are: Adverb phrase […]. Read the following sentence. Adverbial phrases of purpose A variety of phrases are often used to indicate purpose or reason. In other words, a preposition phrase which behaves as an adverbial phrase is an adverb phrase headed by the preposition. In the above examples the words in bold represent the adverbs of Reason. They add more details, like time, location, reason, condition, degree, concession, and manner. The adverbial phrase modifies the adjective sick and reveals the reason for her feeling this way. 1 - İngilizce Özel ders ( Bireysel - İngilizce Özel ders ) 2 - İngilizce Özel ders - 4 kişilik gruplarla yapılan İngilizce Özel ders ) BECAUSE : çünkü,. He has worn them a year. While the first example, usually, is a single word, the second example (for fun) is a phrase consisting of a preposition and a noun -- in other words, it is a prepositional phrase which functions as an adverb phrase. pdf), Text File (. Adverbial clauses. Adverbial Clauses and Phrases - Adverbial Clauses and Phrases Lesson 8 * * * * Transitions Cont. FREE Adverb Clauses Worksheets Welcome to the adverb clauses page of Busy Teacher where there are currently just 12 free worksheets posted. DO - Use a comma after an introductory word or word group. Examples : Krishna was hence neglected by the teachers. A clause is a group of related words that contains a subject and verb. "He was shot in the back as he tried to escape. ) Example: Bill quickly washed his car before the sunset. Students study to gain knowledge. Position of the adverb in the sentences. Until it stops raining, we will stay inside. --> After playing tennis, I called my mother. An adverb clause is one of the three types of dependent clause or subordinate clause. In other words, it contains a subject (explicit or implied) and a predicate, and it modifies a verb. One-star words are frequent, two-star words are more frequent, and three-star words are the most frequent. b) Since we handed the essay in early, we got a two-day break from studying. 1 - İngilizce Özel ders ( Bireysel - İngilizce Özel ders ) 2 - İngilizce Özel ders - 4 kişilik gruplarla yapılan İngilizce Özel ders ) BECAUSE : çünkü,. (Adverb Clause) He came carrying his box with two hands. An adverb clause is a dependent clause that acts as an adverb in the sentence. We were in. In other words they give us more information about verbs, adjectives, clauses and other adverbs. Presentation Summary : Reducing Adverbial Clauses. The first two words are the Adverbs of Affirmation while the latter are the Adverbs of. silak12 Can the whole phrase also be considered an adverbial phrase?. Here are the rules for changing adverb clauses to modifying adverbial phrases: The subjects of both the adverb clause and main clause must be. PPT 1 - Adverbial Clauses of Reason - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. The thesaurus of synonyms and related words is fully. There is one type of anaphor that you’ve probably heard of: pronoun. Adverbial Clauses and Phrases Quite often, an adverb in a sentence comprises several words. A clause is a group of related words that contains a subject and verb. Finite adverbial clauses (clauses containing a finite form of the verb) will use a conjunction. (ii) Adverb Clauses of Comparison of Manner. Among the stack of authors guilty of this shameless act, J. That is, it modifies a verb, adjective, adverb, clause, or the sentence as a whole. Jose used to take the bus to school, but last week he bought a car. An adverb clause of reason usually begins with subordinating conjunctions like because, as, since, and that. The moment he said it, I started to feel. Adverbial phrases help us to understand things more clearly. They are semantically diverse and structurally complex. ) a friendly dog -- This is a noun phrase. Adverbials are words, phrases, and clauses that modify an entire clause by providing additional information about time, place, manner, condition, purpose, reason, result, and concession. "Don't do it," we're told. I did 4 different versions of modification, are they correct? I am not sure of myself. Adverbs can modify adjectives. The following article defines the six grammatical functions that adverbs and adverb phrases perform in the English language: adverb phrase head, adjective phrase modifier, adverb phrase modifier, verb phrase modifier, adverbial, and adjunct. Adverbs are words that do not change (they are not declined) and they modify the verb's meaning, an adjective or other adverb. Other English exercises on the same topic : Linking words | All our lessons and exercises. a) Adverb of Time (when): An adverb of time tells us about when something is done or tells us about the time of an action. Dependent clause Prepositional phrases is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with an object. Examples : Krishna was hence neglected by the teachers. Adverbials of reason are expressed by prepositional nominal phrases, participial and infinitive phrases, sometimes by absolute constructions. adverb of manner - pungwayon sa pamaagi. adverbial clause of reason An adverbial clause of reason answers the question "Why?" A reason clause is introduced by the subordinate conjunctions like because, sinc. Since he has apologized we will take no further action against him. (An easy way to remember what an adverb is: it adds to the verb. They tell why, when, where, how much, and how often an action. org tells us that to-infinitive, like adverb,gives a reason for the adjective. Coordinating conjunctions go in between items joined, not at the beginning or end. It takes place every day. Detailed explanations, example sentences for reducing adverbial clauses to modifying phrases, after-before-while-when-until-since. I therefore left photography. Examples of adverbial subordinators in English include because, although, when, while, and if. A clause is a group of related words that contains a subject and verb. Adverbial modifier can occupy different positions in a verb phrase. Adverb Clause (use exact words): Relationship: (Choose from time, cause/reason, purpose/result, or condition. Phrase Contoh Kalimat Adverbial of Purpose; Prepositional Phrase: We attend a seminar for a good reason. Part one of the "English Adverbials" series. In general, adverb clauses add information that elaborates on when, where, why, how, how much or under what condition the action in the sentence takes place. The word consequently is an adverb that also functions as a conjunction. Relative Pronouns. What is an adverb phrase? An adverb may be a single word, such as quickly, here or yesterday. Relative pronouns refer to a noun phrase, while relative adverbs refer to some kind of adverbial phrase. Even the title of this post looks scary to most people. Take a look at the full sentence. It can stand on its own. The adverb clause while Khalid was walking to class is shortened and becomes while walking to class, a modifying adverbial phrase. Reducing Adverbial Clauses - Professor Flavia Cunha PPT. After can be used to introduce an adverb clause. It takes place every day. Adverb Clause (use exact words): Relationship: (Choose from time, cause/reason, purpose/result, or condition. Adverbs frequently end in –ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. Adverb Clause of Reason. Prepositional phrase D. Relative Pronouns. He has worn them a year. Notice there is a noun just before the clause. They chatted for a while. Adverb Clauses of Comparison are of two kinds:-. Adverbial clauses generally follow the main clause unless otherwise stated. An Adverb Clause of Reason indicates why the particular action of the verb is taken. [Grammar] difference between adverbial clause of reason and adverbial clause of purpose If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. But an adjective cannot modify an. What is an adverb of manner? Adverbs of manner describe how something happens. Wow, that's a lot! In English I think there are only 9. A phrase can act as a noun, an adjective, a preposition or an adverb. Noun phrases are less common, but are quite often used to express time (e. adverb of place - pungwayon sa dapit. Conjunction than, or by the Relative Adverb as; as, He is older than he looks. Also includes fronted adverbials. I often visit the restaurant at which we went to date for the first time. Watch the clip of `Labor Pains' part 1 and fill in the blanks with one of the words or expressions above. AN ANALYSIS OF VERBS AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES: USES AND PROBLEMS IN CONTEXUAL GRAMMAR ABSTRACT This research is focused on verb and adverbial phrases, their uses and problems in contextual grammar. Adverbs can modify adjectives. If you heat ice , it melts. Within each category, the words used to join the ideas or clauses are used differently, with different grammar and punctuation. Now we must learn that catching a word or phrase that's important to a reader's comprehension of a piece and replaying that word or phrase creates a musical motif in that reader's head. Here is an example of the use of the intensifying adverb very to pre-modify the head adverb gently. Because he has money, he believes he can get away with the crime. From Scratch - Write sentences using each of the adverbial phrases indicated. Consider these sentences: We work in order to live. Lots of other definitions had been put forward by scholars and experts in the field. when, no sooner…. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. --> Work enables us to live. In general, adverb clauses add information that elaborates on when, where, why, how, how much or under what condition the action in the sentence takes place. An adverb phrase includes an adverb (the "head" of the phrase) and a word or words that modify the adverb (one or more "dependents"). CLAUSES AND PHRASES OF REASON When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a clause of reason introduced by a conjunction (because, as and since) or a phrase introduced by because of. Adverb of manner – End position, preceding other adverbs. Adverbial Clauses of time: when, whenever, while, as, as soon as , as long as, till, until, since, after, before, hardly…. 1 spite of his intelligence D. • Because he likes his master, he helped his master. Can anyone give me an Irish-Gaelic translation of the phrase "Reason and Power. Adverbs of Reasons = Adverbs of Purpose.